A Hanfu (simplified Chinese: 汉服; traditional Chinese: 漢服; pinyin: Hànfú) is a traditional Chinese clothing attire that emerged during the Han Dynasty (206 B.C.–220 A.D.) when it was the traditional attire for both men and women in China.
A typical Hanfu set includes an upper garment such as a dress, robe, jacket, or shirt, paired with a skirt as the lower garment. Along with the clothing pieces, Hanfu outfits incorporate various accessories such as belts, footwear, headwear, jewelry, yupei (玉佩) pendants made of jade, and hand fans.
While traditional Chinese attire had waned in popularity, there is currently a resurgence of interest in Hanfu, both within China and among overseas communities. This revival has propelled Hanfu into the fashion scene, gaining popularity worldwide.
Styles of Hanfu
- Ruqun hanfu
- Beizi hanfu
- Shenyi hanfu
- Shanku hanfu
Types of Hanfu
1. Traditional Hanfu
- Han Dynasty hanfu
- Zhou Dynasty hanfu
- Qin Dynasty hanfu
- Shang Dynasty hanfu
- Tang Dynasty hanfu
- Jin Dynasty hanfu
- Song Dynasty hanfu
- Yuan Dynasty hanfu
- Ming Dynasty hanfu
- Qing Dynasty hanfu
2. Modern Hanfu
Hanfu Parts and their names
1. Upper Garment
|Yi||衣||Open cross-collar shirt.|
|Ru||襦||Open cross-collar shirt, only worn by women.|
2. Lower Garment
|Ku||裤||Trousers or pants.|
|Chang||裳||Skirt for men.|
|Qun||裙||Skirt for women.|
3. Full Body attire
|Pao||袍||Closed full-body garment.|
|Chang ru||长襦||Long skirt, only worn by women.|
4. Outer Garment
|Ao||袄||Multi-layer open cross-collar shirt or jacket.|
|Shan||衫||Single-layer open cross-collar shirt or jacket.|
|Banbi||半臂||A half-sleeved waistcoat.|
|Bixi||蔽膝||A cloth attached from the waist, covering front of legs.|
|Pibo||披帛||A long silk scarf, however not used to cover neck. Sometimes covering shoulders, other times just hanging from elbow.|
|Zhao shan||罩衫||Cloaking coat. Usually open at the front.|
5. Inner garment
|Dudou||肚兜||Belly Cover. Covers front upper body. Worn by women and children.|
|Moxiong||抹胸||Tube top. Worn by women.|
|Zhongyi||中衣||Inner garments, mostly white cotton or silk. Also called zhongdan (中单).|
How to wear a Hanfu
Start by selecting a hanfu ensemble that consists of an upper garment and a lower garment, such as a robe or dress with a skirt.
Put on the inner layer, which is usually a long-sleeved top or a robe-like garment. Ensure that it fits comfortably and allows for ease of movement.
Layer the outer garment, which can be a robe or a dress, over the inner layer. Adjust the collar and sleeves to fit properly.
Wrap the belt around your waist, cinching it gently to create a defined silhouette. The belt can be wide or narrow, depending on the style of the hanfu.
Put on the skirt, which is typically a wide and flowing garment. Adjust the length to your preference and secure it at the waist.
Complete the look by accessorizing with appropriate footwear, such as traditional Chinese-style shoes or sandals.
Consider adding accessories like jewelry, hair ornaments, or a hand fan to enhance the overall appearance.
Style your hair in a way that complements the hanfu. Traditional hairstyles such as braids, buns, or hairpins can be incorporated.
Take care to ensure that all the layers and details of the hanfu are arranged neatly and securely.
Walk with grace and confidence, appreciating the beauty and elegance of the hanfu style. Embrace the rich cultural heritage that the hanfu represents and enjoy wearing it with respect and pride.
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